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Schedule HIA 311

For each class meeting, you need to have read everything marked with a plus box () plus at least one of the articles marked with a red square bullet ().

All items marked “(handout)” are available as PDFs via the links provided.

1 Fri Aug 29
Introduction and Evidence
Pomeroy, Introduction to Goddesses, Whores, Wives, and Slaves: Women in Classical Antiquity (hereinafter Goddesses)

2 Fri Sep 5
Civilizing Prostitute, Immoral Goddess:
Women in The Epic of Gilgamesh
George, Introduction to Epic of Gilgamesh (pp. xxxi–li, remainder optional)
Epic of Gilgamesh, Tablets 1, 2, and 6 (handout)
Articles (pick one):
Abusch, “Ishtar's Proposal and Gilgamesh’s Refusal” (handout)
Bailey, “Initiation and the Primal Woman in Gilgamesh and Genesis 2-3” (handout)
Harris, “Inanna-Ishtar as Paradox and a Coincidence of Opposites” (handout)

3 Fri Sep 12
Queens in a Land of Kings:
The Female Pharaohs of Egypt
Selections from Roehrig (ed.), Hatshepsut: From Queen to Pharaoh (handout)
Articles (pick one):
Depla, “Women in Ancient Egyptian Wisdom Literature” (handout)
Lesko, “Women's Monumental Mark on Ancient Egypt” (handout)
Robins, “The God’s Wife of Amun in the 18th Dynasty in Egypt” (handout)

4 Fri Sep 19
Earth Mothers and Vengeance Wreakers:
Ancient Goddesses and Gods
Pomeroy, “Goddesses and Gods” (Goddesses ch. 1, pp. 1–15)
Hesiod, Theogony (handout)
Articles (pick one):
Nixon, “The Cults of Demeter and Kore” (Women in Antiquity ch. 5, pp. 75–96)
Slater, “The Greek Family in History and Myth” (handout)
Zeitlin, “Signifying Difference: The Myth of Pandora” (Women in Antiquity ch. 4, pp. 58–74)

5 Tue Sep 23
The Face that Launched a Thousand Ships:
The Bronze Age and its Homeric Echo
Pomeroy, “Women in the Bronze Age and Homeric Epic” (Goddesses ch. 2, pp. 16–31)
Homer, selections from Iliad and Odyssey (three handouts):

Articles (pick one):
Arthur, “Early Greece: The Origins of the Western Attitude Toward Women” (handout)
Arthur, “The Divided World of Iliad VI” (handout)
Dowden, “Approaching Women Through Myth: Vital Tool or Self-Delusion?” (Women in Antiquity ch. 3, pp. 44–57)
Ortner, “Is Female to Male as Nature Is to Culture?” (handout)

Fri Sep 26 (no class meeting)

Fri Oct 3 (no class meeting)

6 Fri Oct 10
Transformed by Exile:
Women and the Kingdom of Israel
The Book of Esther” (handout)
Articles (pick one):
Archer, “Notions of Community and the Exclusion of the Female in Jewish History and Historiography” (handout)
Archer, “The Role of Jewish Women in the Religion, Ritual, and Cult of Graeco-Roman Palestine”
Brock, “Reading Between the Lines: Sarah and the Sacrifice of Isaac (Genesis, Chapter 22)” (handout)

7 Fri Oct 17
Position Paper Proposal Due
Colonists, Soldiers’ Mothers, and Poets:
Greece Emerging from the Dark Age
Pomeroy, “The Dark Age and the Archaic Period” (Goddesses ch. 3, pp. 32–56)
Hesiod, Works and Days (handout)
Articles (pick one):
Heath, “Women's Work: Female Transmission of Mythical Narrative” (handout)
Marry, “Sappho and the Heroic Ideal” (handout)
Stigers, “Sappho’s Private World” (handout)

8 Fri Oct 24
Obligation to Family:
Women and the Athenian Polis
Pomeroy, “Women and the City of Athens” (Goddesses ch. 4, pp. 57–78)
Aeschylos, from Eumenides (handout)
Articles (pick one):
Dewald, “Women and Culture in Herodotus’s Histories” (handout)
Katz, “Ideology and the ‘Status of Women’ in Ancient Greece” (Women in Antiquity ch. 2, pp. 21–43)
Pomeroy, “Women’s Identity and the Family in the Classical Polis” (Women in Antiquity ch. 7, pp. 111–121)
Walker, “Women and Housing in Classical Greece: The Archaeological Evidence” (handout)

9 Fri Oct 31
Housewives and Hetaerae:
Living Unpublicly in Classical Athens
Pomeroy, “Private Life in Classical Athens” (Goddesses ch. 5, pp. 79–92)
Euripides, from The Bacchae
Theocritus, “The Women at the Adonis Festival”, from Idylls (handout)
Articles (pick one):
Burton, “Women's Commensality in the Ancient Greek World” (handout)
Dover, “Classical Greek Attitudes to Sexual Behavior” (handout)
Foxhall, “Women’s Ritual and Men’s Work in Ancient Athens” (Women in Antiquity ch. 6, pp. 97–110)
Segal, “The Menace of Dionysus: Sex Roles and Reversals in Euripides’ The Bacchae” (handout)
Venit, “Women in Their Cups”

10 Fri Nov 7
Tragic Heroines:
Images of Women in Athenian Literature
Pomeroy, “Images of Women in the Literature of Classical Athens” (Goddesses ch. 6, pp. 93–119)
Sophocles, from Antigone (handout)
Euripides, from Medea (handout)
Articles (pick one):
Foley, “The Conception of Women in Athenian Drama” (handout)
Lambropoulou, “Some Pythagorean Female Virtues” (Women in Antiquity ch. 8, pp. 122–134)
Zeitlin, “The Dynamics of Misogyny: Myth and Mythmaking in the Oresteia” (handout)

11 Fri Nov 14
Representations & Images Paper Due
Paragons, Pawns, and Augustae:
The Roman Aristocratic Matron
Pomeroy, “The Roman Matron of the Late Republic and Early Empire” (Goddesses ch. 8, pp. 149–189)
Livy, “The Capture of the Sabine Women” and “The Rape of Lucretia” (handout)
Articles (pick one):
Boatwright, “Women and Gender in the Forum Romanum” (handout)
Carp, “Two Matrons of the Late Republic” (handout)
Corbier, “Male Power and Legitimacy Through Women … Under the Julio-Claudians” (Women in Antiquity ch. 12, pp. 178–193)
Fantham, “Aemilia Pudentilla: Or the Wealthy Widow’s Choice” (Women in Antiquity ch. 14, pp. 220–232)
Fischler, “Social Stereotypes and Historical Analysis: The Case of the Imperial Women at Rome” (handout)

12 Fri Nov 21
Farmer, Foreigner, Freedwoman, Slave:
Beyond the Roman Aristocracy
Pomeroy, “Women of the Roman Lower Classes” (Goddesses ch. 9, pp. 190–204)
The Twelve Tables”, fragments (handout)
Articles (pick one):
Curran, “Rape and Rape Victims in The Metamorphoses” (handout)
Hallett, “The Role of Women in Roman Elegy: Counter-Cultural Feminism”, with responses (handout)
Roller, “Horizontal Women: Posture and Sex in the Roman Convivium” (handout)
Savunen, “Women and Elections in Pompeii” (Women in Antiquity ch. 13, pp. 194–206)
Warren, “The Women of Etruria” (handout)

Fri Nov 28 (no class meeting)
Position Paper Optional Draft Due (by email)

13 Fri Dec 5
Vesta, Fortuna, and the Good Goddess:
Women and the Roman Religion
Pomeroy, “The Role of Women in the Religion of the Romans” (Goddesses ch. 10, pp. 205–226)
Pliny the Younger, selected letters (handout)
Articles (pick one):
Beard, “Re-reading (Vestal) Virginity” (Women in Antiquity ch. 11, pp. 166–177)
Clark, “Roman Women” (handout)
Fisher, “Theodora and Antonina in the Historia Arcana: History and/or Fiction?” (handout)
Perkell, “On Creusa, Dido, and the Quality of Victory in Virgil’s Aeneid” (handout)

14 Fri Dec 12
Position Paper Due
Women of the Cosmopolis:
The Hellenistic and Graeco-Roman Eras
Pomeroy, “Hellenistic Women” (Goddesses ch. 7, pp. 120–148)
Pomeroy, “The Elusive Women of Classical Antiquity” (Goddesses epilogue, pp. 227–230)
Plutarch, “Advice to the Bride and Groom”
Articles (pick one):
King, “Self-Help, Self-Knowledge: … the Patient in Hippocratic Gynaecology” (Women in Antiquity ch. 9, pp. 135–148)
Lefkowitz, “Influential Women” (handout)
Pomeroy, “Infanticide in Hellenistic Greece” (handout)
Pomeroy, “Spartan Women among the Romans: Adapting Models, Forging Identities” (handout)
Thonemann, “The Women of Akmoneia” (handout)
Wilson, “Female Sanctity in the Greek Calendar: The Synaxarion of Constantinople” (Women in Antiquity ch. 16, pp. 233–247)

Fri Dec 19
Final Examination
(9:00 – 11:00 a.m.)