Civilizations of the Ancient World

Course Cites

For guidance on formatting footnotes and bibliographies, see the Elephant Pamphlet, pages 13-19, and the Citations Handout.

Note: The cites given below are in Chicago citation style. You may use any citation style as long as the necessary information—author, title, year, publisher, plus journal and page range for articles—is included.

Assigned Texts


The textbook, Mathisen, is a tertiary source and may not be used in any written assignment for this course.

Bibliography George, Andrew. 2003. Epic of Gilgamesh. Penguin Publishing Group.
Footnote George, [page number]
Bibliography West, Thomas G., Grace Starry West, Plato, and Aristophanes. 1998. Four texts on Socrates: Plato’s Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito, and Aristophanes’ Clouds. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Footnote West et al., [page number] or
CloudsAristophanes, Clouds [line numbers]
ApologyPlato, Apology [section number]
CritoPlato, Crito [section number]
EuthyphroPlato, Euthyphro [section number]