History of Ancient Rome

Course Cites

For guidance on formatting footnotes and bibliographies, see the Elephant Pamphlet, pages 13-19, and the Citations Handout.

Note: The cites given below are in Chicago citation style. You may use any citation style as long as the necessary information—author, title, year, publisher, plus journal and page range for articles—is included.

Assigned Texts


The textbook, Ward et al., is a tertiary source and may not be used in any written assignment for this course.

De Roma

For context and accuracy of citation, students are encouraged to find full versions of the works below, marked with sections or line numbers you can cite specifically, rather than relying on the excerpts used in the Reader.

Bibliography Wilson, Mark. 2013. De Roma: Excerpts from Ancient Writers About Rome, 2d Edition. CreateSpace.
On the Subject of Roman HistoryDion. Hal. RA 1.1–8.
Early Rules for Clients and PatronsDion. Hal. RA 2.10-11
Numa’s Religious SettlementLivy 1.20–21
The Capture of the Sabine WomenLivy 1.9–1.33
Servius Tullius’s ReformDion. Hal. RA 4.20-21
The Rape of LucretiaLivy 1.57–59
Coriolanus Opposes the PlebsDion. Hal. RA 7.20–25
The Tribunes and their ManipulationDion. Hal. RA 8.87, 9.1
The Twelve TablesWilson, 11-12
The Roman Way of Declaring WarLivy 1.32; Dion. Hal. RA 6.95, 9.59
The Mythology of the Farmer-GeneralCicero, de sen 16; Dion. Hal. RA 10.17
The Defeat of the LatinsLivy 8.6.15, 8.11, 8.14
The Constitution of the Roman RepublicPolybius 6.11.11-6.18.3
The Roman Maniple vs. the PhalanxPolybius 18.28–32
The Samnites’ Linen LegionLivy 10.38
HannibalCornelius Nepos, “Hannibal,” De Viribus Illustris
The Battle of CannæPolybius, 3.107–118
The Magna MaterLivy, 29.10, 14; Prudentius, Peristephanon
The Siege of SyracusePolybius 8.3-7
The Destruction of CorinthPolybius 38.1, 39.7-17
Cato Opposes ExtravaganceLivy 34.1-3
From The MenaechmiPlautus, The Menaechmi
On Tiberius GracchusAppian, Civil Wars 1.1-3
On Tiberius GracchusPlutarch, Ti. Gracchus
On Gaius GracchusAppian, Civil Wars 1.1-3
Speech of Marius Against the NobilitySallust, Jugurthine War 63-65
Mithridates Against RomeAppian, Mithridatic Wars 118-119; Plutarch, Life of Lucullus, 37
Drusus and his EnemiesAppian, Civil Wars 1.34-35
Accounts of the Roman State ReligionCato, On Agriculture 132; Cato, On Agriculture 134; Aul. Gel., NA 10.15; Livy 7.3; Plutarch, Numa
Slavery in the Roman RepublicPlautus, Pseudolus 1.2; Cato, On Agriculture 56-59; Plautus, Menaechmi 5.4; Plutarch, Crassus 8–11
Sulla’s BrutalityLivy, Periochae 88-89; Appian, Civil Wars 1.95-96, 98-99
The Roman CandidateWilson, 57-58
Life in Rome in the Late RepublicSallust, Conspiracy of Catiline 11–16
Pompey’s Letter to the SenateSallust, Histories 2.82 [2.98M]
Against CatilineCicero, Cat. 1
Pompey’s Conquest of the EastAppian, Mithridatic Wars, 114-119
The Murder of ClodiusAsconius, Commentary on Pro Milone 30C-36C
Scipio’s DreamCicero, Rep. 6
On Julius CaesarSuetonius, Div. Jul. 1, 2, 10, 14, 20, 25, 31–36
The Assassination of Julius CaesarPlutarch Brutus 12, 14, 16-18
On the Rise of AugustusCicero, Letters 816 (Fam. 10.28); 819 (Brut. 2.5); 841 (Brut. 1.3.1-3); 909 (Brut. 1.15)
Selections from CatullusWilson, 79-80
The Secular HymnHorace, The Secular Hymn
The Battle of Teutoburg ForestVelleius Paterculus 2.117-120
Acts of the Divine AugustusAugustus, Res Gestae
The Death of Augustus Tacitus, Annals 1.1-44
A Speech on Incorporating the GaulsWilson, 90; Tacitus, Annals 11
The Pumpkiniļ¬cation of ClaudiusSeneca: Divi Claudii Apocolocyntosis
The Principle of AdoptionTacitus, Histories 1.15-16
The Legions Proclaim Vespasian EmperorTacitus, Histories 2.49-51
The Roman Army in the First CenturyJosephus, The Jewish War 3.5-6
Law Concerning the Power of VespasianLex De Imperio Vespasiani: ILS 244
The Grandeur of RomePliny, Natural History 3.5.66-67, 36.34.101-110, 36.24.121-123
Panegyric Addressed to the Emperor TrajanPliny, Panegyric 65–80
The Correspondence of a GovernorPliny, Letters 10.25 ff
Egypt under the Roman EmpireStrabo, Geography, 17.1.52-53, 2.4-5; 18.1.12-13
How Domitian Attempted to Amuse Suetonius, Domitian 4
Roman Educational PracticesHorace, Satires; Pliny, Letters 4.13; Martial, Epigrams 10.62
On the Virtue of Antoninus PiusM. Aurelius, Meditations I.16
The Reign of Marcus AureliusEutropius 8.12-14
How Didius Julianus Bought the EmpireHerodian, 2.6ff
The Lives of Soldiers and SailorsValerius Maximus, 7.6.1; Livy 42.34; Wilson 112-113
Imperial Weakness Invites BarbarianZosimus 1.1.11–17
The Persecution under DeciusEusebius Eccl. Hist. 6.39–41
Aurelian’s Conquest of PalmyraVopiscus, Aurelian
Efforts to Stabilize the EconomyWilson, 119-120
The Conversion of ConstantineEusebius, Constantine
The Edict of MilanLactantius, De Mort. Pers., ch. 48
Constantine Founds ConstantinopleSozomen, Ecclesiastical History 2.3
Letter to ArsaciusWilson, 123-124
The Luxury of the Rich in RomeAmmianus Marcellinus, History 14.16
Alaric’s Sack of Rome, 410 CEProcopius, History of the Wars 3.2.7-39
The Greatness of Rome in the Days of RuinWilson, 127
The Battle of ChalônsJordanes, The History and Deeds of the Goths